Do you make a lump sum payment upon retirement for your employees’ unused sick leave, vacation pay or other early retirement incentives? If you do, there is a way to increase the value of the benefit for your employees, while saving money for both of you. Instead of disbursing a check, you can implement a Special Pay Plan (SPP) or a Retiree-Only HRA.
A Special Pay Plan is an interest-bearing 401(a)/403(b) retirement account that is set up by you in your employee’s name. You make deposits/contributions into this account in lieu of disbursing a check for your employee’s unused sick leave, separation of service pay or other retirement incentive pay.
Special Pay Plan
The funds deposited into the Special Pay Plan can be invested in a guaranteed fixed interest account, which can be for any expense. How does this help increase the value of the benefit? You and your employee will permanently save 7.65% on FICA taxes. For example, if the benefit amount is $10,000, your employee will take home the entire $10,000 less income tax, saving $765 in FICA. And since you pay FICA on their behalf, you will also save $765 on each employee that receives the benefit.
Funds in a Special Pay Plan will be available at age 55 for retired employees without an early withdrawal penalty. If an employee is at least age 55 at the time of retirement and remains separated from service, they can access the funds prior to age 59 ½ without penalty. This account is tax-deferred, meaning that an employee is not taxed until they withdraw funds. This is beneficial to them because if their tax-bracket is lower after retirement, they could potentially save on tax when they withdraw funds.
A Retiree-Only Health Reimbursement Arrangement (HRA) is another way that school, city and county employers can choose to increase the value of the benefit. This is also an interest-bearing, employer-funded account created in the employee’s name. Deposits can be made completely tax-free (not subject to FICA, Federal or State income taxes) so your employees can receive 100% of the value of each benefit dollar.
By using a Retiree-Only HRA, employees would be reimbursed tax-free for their eligible medical expenses and/or premiums including dental and vision. The account balance rolls over each year. Retirees have the flexibility to choose which eligible expenses to submit for reimbursement and when to submit. Upon the retiree’s death, their spouse and any qualifying dependents can use the remaining HRA balance for eligible medical expenses and premiums.
Employers who implement one of these plans should be aware of the potential change in regulations. The IRS has proposed 457(f) regulations which may affect schools’, cities’ and counties’ sick leave and unused vacation payouts at retirement. It is unclear whether these plans would be considered a “bona fide” or a type of non-qualified deferred compensation. If the plans were deemed deferred compensation, employees would be subject to tax liability equal to the value of the unused leave. It has been stated that the final 457(f) regulations will most likely not be out this year but will be released at a later date. Stayed tuned to our blog for updates on this issue.
The proposed 457(f) regulations have been on our minds for the last several months. While a change in regulations seems all but certain, the IRS has now indicated it is highly unlikely the regulations will be finalized this year. The agency has been working to draft an adequate safe harbor for determining whether a leave plan is considered bona fide under the proposed tax-exempt deferred compensation regulations. According to a source within the IRS Office of Associate Chief Counsel, there has been an inability to reach an agreement on the terms of a safe harbor, delaying the ability to finalize the proposed regulations.
The proposed 457(f) changes can pose significant effects on both employers and employees, with additional taxation being perhaps the most noteworthy effect. To recap, IRS Code Section 457(f) provides rules to determine when an arrangement is a deferred compensation plan, and whether that plan qualifies for favorable tax treatment. It also clarifies the definition of a bona fide sick and vacation leave plan.
What’s the Possible Impact?
Many public sector employers offer generous programs that allow employees to exchange unused sick leave and vacation time for cash payout at retirement. If the IRS determines that payouts such as this are considered deferred compensation, both employees and employers would face a tax liability determined by the value of unused leave balances.
So what does this mean for you? Here are some of the major concerns:
- A portion of accrued leave in non-qualified plans may be subject to taxation.
- Employees may lose a valuable benefit, and employers could have difficulty attracting quality talent.
- The administrative, compliance, and staffing burden for HR departments may increase.
- Employees will likely feel compelled to use all of their sick and vacation days, creating an unstable environment in the workplace and HR hurdles.
What Have We Learned?
Fortunately, the same IRS source mentioned above expressed optimism about the guidance that will eventually be dispensed, offering that the IRS does not wish to ban “cash for employee leave” programs. The IRS does appreciate the need for a clear ruling and the organization is earnestly working to finalize an opinion. It is expected they will release guidance on the 457(f) regulations in conjunction with other related guidance, but it may be too ambitious to expect these releases would be made by the end of this year. Rest assured that MidAmerica will continue to monitor the situation, and provide updates on this topic as they become available.
For more information on potential implications of the 457(f) regulations, CLICK HERE to view our webinar.
If you have any questions on how you can prepare for potential regulatory changes, email Trent Teesdale, SVP of Business Development, at email@example.com.
Traditionally, public sector employers have generously provided some type of employer-paid health insurance benefit for their early retirees (under age 65) as a way to bridge the gap between early retirement and Medicare eligibility. In a time when health insurance was reasonably affordable, it was common to offer what is known as a “defined benefit” plan, in which an employer promises a specific benefit (such as health insurance) over a specific time period.
Unfortunately, with premiums rising and budgets being strained, it may be challenging for schools, cities, and counties to plan effectively for the retirement health benefits awarded to former employees now in retirement, or for the health benefits promised to current employees as they retire. Yearly expenditures to fund these benefits become a tremendous liability, draining budgets and forcing schools to deflect money away from classroom instruction and municipalities to reduce spending on needed services and infrastructure.
Employers are now realizing they need to reconsider the benefits packages they offer in an effort to contain costs and long-term financial obligation, yet still provide an impactful retirement benefit to their employees. A Defined Contribution Retirement Plan may be the solution. Contrary to a defined benefit plan which provides a distinct benefit over time, no matter the cost, the defined contribution plan allocates a specific contribution toward that benefit. The contribution is not tied to rising insurance costs, which makes cash flows more predictable, and results in the reduction, or even elimination of, OPEB (Other Post-Employment Benefits) liability.
How a Health Reimbursement Arrangement Can Help
One of the most ideal funding options for a defined contribution plan is a Health Reimbursement Arrangement, or HRA. The HRA account is designed to reimburse employees for their eligible medical expenses to offset their out-of-pocket costs. The employer regularly deposits funds into individual accounts on behalf of employees while they are employed. These funds, with earnings, are free from federal income and FICA taxes, and can be used at any time, upon eligibility. To be eligible to use the funds, the participant must have either separated from service or retired. Participants are 100% vested immediately, meaning that they own the account balance as soon as the account is established.
Migrating an employer’s benefit plan design from a defined benefit to a Defined Contribution HRA will enable that employer to reduce existing liability and minimize future costs, all while keeping its promise to employees and freeing up resources to better serve students, citizens, and the community. A dedicated solutions partner can furnish an HRA plan that will provide a seamless transition for employees entering the retirement phase of their lives, and ensure they receive the most appropriate benefit, even while healthcare costs continue to rise.
Trusts & HRAs
In conjunction with an HRA program, employers may consider establishing a Post-Employment Benefit Trust as a vehicle to pre-fund employee and retirement benefits. A trust enables the employer to set aside funds while the employee is still actively employed in order to minimize, or even eliminate, the liability later on. Funding through a trust reduces what can be a substantial liability on the financial statement. The trust is a legal entity and trust funds are safe from the employer’s creditors. If you’d like to learn how HRAs and trusts can help you achieve your financial goals, contact us today at firstname.lastname@example.org.
MidAmerica Administrative & Retirement Solutions has been providing retirement solutions since 1995, and health and welfare programs since 2002. Our goal is to maximize benefit dollars for both the employer and the employees. Our staff of highly experienced subject matter experts, ease of technology, and streamlined administration enable us to reach this goal. Please contact us if you’d like assistance in reaching your goals.
While tradeshows can be a great way to source valuable new ideas, learn about new products, and form valuable partnerships, we all know even the most disciplined attendee can be distracted from their objective. Each year, we attend or exhibit at dozens of conferences across the country, so we understand the desire to socialize with friends we haven’t seen in a while, or the allure of exploring foreign cities. However, we all want to leave the conferences with valuable contacts, information, or tools that make us more successful in our personal and professional lives. There’s no denying that the giveaways, luncheons, after-parties, and games are all great ways to network, learn, and have some fun, but it’s important to have an exhibit strategy.
Here are some tips for getting the most out of your conference experience:
Have a plan of action
Before you leave for the tradeshow, consider the challenges your organization is currently facing.- Are there looming budget cuts?
-Are you unhappy with your current vendor?
-Do you need to find a more efficient way to perform a cumbersome task?
-Is there possibly new technology you could implement to increase efficiency?
-Are your facilities in need of updates?
Understanding your current challenges will help you formulate a game plan for exploring the exhibit aisles, making sure you make the most of the typically limited time you have to speak to vendors.
Visit companies you know
This is a great opportunity to connect, or in some cases reconnect, with the companies that already have your business. Speaking with a representative face-to-face about your experiences with the company can not only open up dialogue about how the company can better service you, but also improves your overall relationship with them.
Visit companies you don’t know, but might want to
Our advice is to research the exhibitors beforehand and make notes on the possible vendors or providers you’d like to visit. The exhibit hall can sometimes be overwhelming, so having a loose itinerary of the companies you definitely want to learn more about will make your exhibit day experience more manageable.
Grab plenty of literature
Take advantage of the literature the exhibitors provide. A lot of the information is not only intended to sell the company’s specific product, but to inform you on trends in your industry or solutions similar organizations have found beneficial. Takeaways are also great reminders of the companies you visited during your whirlwind of a day, and can facilitate discussions once you’re back in the office.
Attend breakout sessions
Breakout sessions are often times the greatest value add for attendees of a tradeshow. Take advantage of the fact that there are so many subject matter experts in one place for you to learn from. As with exhibitor lists, tradeshows will typically share the breakout session schedule ahead of time, so be sure to factor that into your plan of action.
Don’t be afraid to ask the booth representatives questions. That’s why they’re there, after all. Any representative worth speaking with will be more than happy to take time to speak with you about your unique issue and how their company can help. Many will even offer to host post-exhibit discussions to facilitate a more in-depth conversation. If it’s a product that could really help your organization save time or money, take them up on the offer! The worst that could happen is you decide you’re not interested in what they can provide.
Make connections / network
Sometimes networking can be awkward – we get it. Speaking with people you don’t know may not come naturally to you, but tradeshows are the perfect opportunity to exercise your networking skills because everyone there is open to conversation. Plus, you already have something in common with the attendees and exhibitors – your industry. Use that to your advantage. Spark a conversation with someone while standing in line for a drink, pay attention to people’s name badges (which usually have the person’s organization, title, and name listed – a built-in icebreaker), and know that all of the exhibitors want nothing more than to talk to you. The beauty of networking is you never know when a seemingly meaningless conversation can lead to a mutually beneficial relationship.
Tradeshows are intended to bring a large assortment of solutions uniquely designed for your industry together in one place. Spending just a little bit of time game planning beforehand, and executing on a simple strategy can ensure that you not only have fun, but bring back valuable information for the betterment of your organization and your career. Visit every booth, grab literature (and the coveted giveaway!), listen to all of the great speakers, and don’t be afraid to ask questions. Using these tips will help you get the most out of your tradeshow experience, so that you can bring ideas and solutions back to work, along with that tote bag filled with free swag.
The MidAmerica team will be at the upcoming Texas Association of School Business Officials (TASBO) Annual Conference from February 27 – 28 in Fort Worth, Texas. Make sure to stop by booth 1015 and say hello!
Women around the world are concerned about their retirement prospects. In the 21st century, women have more education and career opportunities than their grandmothers ever did, but the retirement path is still not always a smooth one. Lower wages due to gender differences, as well as absence from the workforce due to parenting or caregiving, can create negative effects on the long-term financial stability of female employees.
It’s a fact that women trail behind men when it comes to saving and planning for retirement. It’s also a fact that women tend to live longer than men, which suggests an even greater need for women to get serious about preparing for their later years.
For the past 12 years, the Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies® has been publishing a retirement survey, and a significant part of this research is devoted to publishing research reports about women in an effort to raise awareness of the retirement risks that women face. The latest survey report outlines a lengthy list of “facts” about women’s retirement outlook.
Below is an abbreviated list of these facts, along with some tips that women can use to take charge of their retirement planning.
Retirement Confidence is Low. While 32% of men admit they are “not too confident” about their ability to comfortably retire, nearly half of women (45%) express that same sentiment.
Many Expect to Retire after Age 65 or Not at All. Fifty-three percent of women plan to retire after age 65 (40%) or do not plan to retire at all (13%). This figure compares to 54% of men when asked the same question.
Most Lack a Plan “B”. Sometimes people are forced into retirement sooner than expected, perhaps due to unexpected job loss, medical issues, or family obligations. Only 19% of women and 31% of men have a backup plan if faced with one of these circumstances.
7 out of 10 Women Save for Retirement. Seventy-two percent of women take advantage of employer-sponsored plans such as a 401(k) and/or savings plans outside the workplace (e.g. IRA), while 80% of men do the same. Men also start saving at an earlier age (median 26) compared to women (median 28).
Many Women Guess their Retirement Savings Needs. According to statistics, women live longer than men and should be saving more to support themselves in their retirement years. However, women tend to “guess” how much of a savings bucket they will need rather than using calculators or spreadsheets. Men are more likely to use mathematics.
Lack of Knowledge about Social Security Benefits. All retirees should educate themselves on the availability of government benefits. However, baby boomers (those born between 1945 and 1964) often fail to brush up on this knowledge. Only thirty-eight percent of female baby boomers claim to know “a great deal” or “quite a bit” about Social Security benefits, compared to 55% of baby boomer men.
Now let’s take a look at some suggestions for helping women become retirement ready.
The key is to START saving, and get into the habit of saving on a consistent basis.
If a retirement plan is offered at work, participate in it. Take full advantage of any employer matching contributions, if available. Take advantage of catch-up contributions if you are age 50 or older.
Maintain your ability to continue working past age 65. Keep your job skills current, learn new skills and technologies, or join a networking group.
Educate yourself about investing. Learn how to make your savings last longer by knowing when to take withdrawals from retirement accounts, and the best time to start Social Security. It’s important to minimize taxes and penalties, and maximize benefits.
Although every person’s situation can be unique, the tools for dealing with these situations are similar. And using as many tools as possible can add up to a big result!
If you have a 403(b) or 457(b) TPA account, rollovers allow you to roll over part or all of your funds into another eligible retirement plan. This comes in handy if you change employers or if your employer offers multiple plan types.
Certain rollovers are permitted by the IRS while others or not. These rules are updated each year and are provided in an easy-to-reference chart on the IRS website. Click here to view the current IRS Rollover Chart. One thing to keep in mind is that you must have a qualifying event to be eligible for a rollover, such as reaching age 59 1/2 or separation from service.
How to Request a Rollover
If you’ve made the decision to roll over your funds to another eligible plan, you’re only two easy steps away from completing your request.
Contact Your Provider
Your first step is to contact your providers. Simply let them know you’d like to roll over your funds to another plan. They will provide the necessary paperwork to complete the process.
Send us the Paperwork
Once you’ve received your rollover paperwork from your provider, complete and sign the forms and send them to MidAmerica for processing.
If you have questions on any of the topics in this article, please contact us at (866) 873-4240 or email us at 403bTPA@midamerica.biz.